The business behind blood donation

Donating blood is a praiseworthy and altruistic action; nothing is asked in return. It is giving life .

Since I was a few years old, my mother took me to the mobile donation units for her to donate. I would sit at the end of the bus and they would take good care of me. That good habit made that one of the first things I did when I turned 18 was to donate. I’ve been donating for almost 20 years .

The other day a Red Cross bus came into our work center so workers could donate. This service was privatized by the Community of Madrid two years ago, eliminating public personnel and handing over the buses to the concessionaire, in addition to considerably reducing the working conditions of the personnel who would provide the service.

A person came down from the bus and went around the premises, offices and offices, carrying out commercial work to convince the staff to donate blood, offering them a sachet of food and drink . I refused and told him that if he also reported that the Red Cross charged the Community of Madrid 67 euros for each bag of blood . He called me a liar. He continued his commercial work, even with external workers who worked in a construction site. A partner with good intentions, but oblivious to what is behind, helped him touring part of the center to convince more colleagues. I tried to inform her, but she also denied the evidence.

And why do they go table by table with so much interest for you to donate? Because they are not fulfilling the number of donations of the contract with the Community. Last year they collected 17% less than agreed and this is a business. Donate at the door of your home or work is very comfortable, since you do not waste your leisure time; Some lazy guy will also think that this way he will work for a while. That is true, but the point is that if you go to a public hospital to donate, the people of Madrid do not cost the 67 euros that it costs in a privatized mobile unit . The day will not come when they charge us for putting us blood (I hope), but those 67 euros have to be paid and now they are detracted from other sanitary items.

I give my blood altruistically, not for another to profit financially from it . For those who do not have time, I tell them that the last time I donated I went to a public center and took my daughter who is 2 and a half years old. Teach my daughter (thanks to you mom) that donating is important to help others is priceless, contrary to the business with the blood set by some.

This is how a candidate for president of the United States is financed

 

 

Cartel de Obama en Charlotte

Two people sell commemorative buttons on September 3, 2012, at CarolinaFest 2012, during the Democratic National Convention. EFE / DAVIS TURNER

The US presidential elections, which take place on November 6 , have an inevitably superficial dimension: debates between the main candidates that live as if they were crucial boxing matches, legends of cinema that take sides noisily, anthological outbursts ….

But also another dimension, more tedious, annoying, that is truffled with figures with several zeros, modest contributions, splendid donations, collection committees and, in short, an agonizing battle to make cash. That is to say, of all that underlies -and copes with- the papier-mache splendor of political propaganda.

US election campaigns move a huge amount of dollars . It has always been that way, both throughout the past century and so far. But the 2012 elections – which are paradoxically held in the midst of an almost unprecedented economic crisis – mean, financially, one more turn of the screw.

The issue that most threatens democracy is the private financing of campaigns Since 2010, a new law allows unlimited funding of campaigns. A decision that, in spite of the voices against that warn about a possible perversion of the system, was ratified by the Supreme Court in January of this year. “The issue that most threatens democracy is the private financing without limit of the campaigns”, complains Alana Moceri, director of the course of Expert in Communication and Lobbying of the European University of Madrid.

The ideology, the mobilization of the electorate, the proud defense of the great values ​​continue to count when deciding who gets the privilege of inhabiting the White House, but in the campaigns of the two parties that play the triumph, the importance of money collected is vital . This is a review of the forms of financing the elections , from the modest participation to the large sums of money donated by millionaires and companies.

Public financing: a discarded option

As happened in the last elections, those of 2008, both the Democratic candidate Barack Obama as the Republican candidate Mitt Romney have rejected in these the option of he has a good point public financing of their campaigns, so they only get money through private funds of people, organizations and companies.

The public financing option exists since 1971, but it stopped being used in 2008. The public financing option exists in the US since 1971 , when the Campaign Fund for the Presidential Elections was created. To this fund, as established by successive reforms, US taxpayers can designate three dollars of their income tax return.

The first elections in which candidates made use of this money were those of 1976, won by the Democrat Jimmy Carter. Since then and until Obama publicly renounced them during the campaign that took him to the White House, all aspiring presidents made use of this trick.

PAC: regulated private financing

Political Action Committees (PACs) are the traditional way to raise funds for party campaigns through donations from individuals, unions and businesses . Donations that may or may not be direct to candidates.

PACs were born in the 1940s (the first that was created was intended to support the campaign for the re-election of Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt) and since then they are subject to control and oversight by the Federal Elections Commission (in English) , FEC). Since the 1970s and until today, they have not stopped growing in number and importance.

The main characteristic of PACs is that there is a limit on the contribution set by law. There are two types of PAC. The first, the most common, are the so-called ‘separate funds’ . They are created by organizations and unions that can not contribute money directly to campaigns, so they use these committees to collect contributions, which they then spend to support their candidate.

The second ones are the PACs of ‘unconnected’ or ‘leadership’ committees , and they are formed by organizations outside the unions and other corporations that directly support a politician. Since the last elections, these PACs have been obliged to disclose who they support (previously they were secret).

Examples of the latter are the Prosperity PAC, which during this year put almost a million dollars to support the Republican candidate for vice president of the country, Paul Ryan, and the PAC to the Future, which injects money – almost $ 700,000 – for the Democrat Nancy Pelosi, former president of the House of Representatives.

The main characteristic of PACs is that there is a limit on the contribution . As a curiosity, some of the PACs of the first type that spend the most (see this table prepared by the Center for Responsive Politics, a non-profit organization specializing in political transparency ) donate their money in a similar proportion between the two major parties. This is done, for example, by the American Association of Beer Distributors, which in these elections has spent almost three million dollars (41% for Democrats, 59% for Republicans).

Super PAC: money at baskets

Those known as Super PAC are the novelty in these presidential elections. They were born in 2010 , at the risk of the aforementioned law that grants carte blanche for the unlimited financing of campaigns.

“Since its inception,” says Moceri, ” there are no limits on spending on political communication.” What is being translated, for example, in a huge amount of ads , many of them negative political propaganda, against the candidates of both parties.

Super Pacs have no limitations when it comes to donating money to a candidate. Unlike PACs, they can not donate money directly to candidates, although they are subject to inspection by the FEC, and they have the obligation to declare their expenses as well as the name of your donors.

As of October 28, Open Secrets , the Center for Responsive Politics data website, has posted 971 Super PACs that have entered 600 million dollars and spent about 500 million dollars. Of these almost 1,000 Super PACs, the two most important and most money moving are Restore Our Future and American CrossRoad , which support Romney, and Priority USA Action , which supports Obama.

It is to these Super PACs that the American magnates donate money. Long, the one that brings more money is Sheldon Adelson, owner of Las Vegas Sands and promoter of Eurovegas in Spain, which according to a classification developed by The New York Times , has donated 35 million dollars to Republicans. Harold Simmons, owner of several of the major American chemical industries, is second on the list of millionaires who contribute money, and like Adelson, he does it to the Romney campaign.

Among those who contribute the most money to the Super PACs that support the Democrats, and although the figures do not reach those of the Republicans, there is the speculator and philanthropist George Soros (who has put out of his pocket 1.5 million dollars) or the film director Morgan Freeman (both have donated $ 1 million to relaunch the Obama campaign).

Political Parties: classic collection

The committees of the parties themselves are the organizations strictly related to these and that are therefore able to finance them directly .

The ‘bundling’ are meetings, parties, celebrations where you contribute collectively to a campaign. There are two types. Direct contributions to parties and candidates are called hard money , and are regulated and limited by the FEC. And the contributions denominated soft money , whose quantity is unlimited, but that can not go to finance the campaigns of the candidates, but the state and local committees (usually it is money for base activities, register of voters, merchandising of the party, etc. )

There is also a way to directly finance the campaigns by circumventing the limitations imposed by the FEC. It is known as Bundling : a person, normally known, collects money from other people through celebrations or charity events and then delivers it to the candidate. Hollywood actors such as George Clooney have organized collecting parties of this type.

The 527s: propaganda outside the system

The 527s are organizations that do not directly ask for votes for candidates, but induce the voter to create a favorable or unfavorable image of them (they are something like an ideological version of a think tank , but without its academic residue). They are called numerically 527s because they are exempt from paying federal taxes .

Because of their elusive nature , they are not supervised by the Federal Elections Commission, so donations and expenses are not regulated in the campaign, as are those of the PACs or the contributions of partisan organizations. They are controlled, however, by the Internal Revenue Service (in English, IRS), the federal agency in charge of collecting taxes.

Behind the 527s there are usually interest groups that try to influence to mobilize the vote Behind the 527s there are usually interest groups that try to influence to mobilize the vote through announcements in the media, through telephone calls to the addresses, as explained by the Center for Responsive Politics.

Associated largely with the 527s is what is known as shadow money , which is the money that these organizations move ‘tax-free’ and with which anonymous donors (who have no obligation to reveal their name in any case) contribute to support the campaigns.

This ‘money in the shade’ has increased exponentially in the last presidential campaigns (see chart). In general, it is intended to make negative political propaganda of the candidates. In this sense Obama is the candidate who receives the most negative propaganda (worth 74 million dollars), far from Romney, the second (which hardly supports advertising against him worth 5 million dollars), according to Open Secrets .

  • Obama poster in Charlotte

    Two people sell commemorative buttons on September 3, 2012, at CarolinaFest 2012, during the Democratic National Convention. (EFE / DAVIS TURNER)

    “> Obama poster in Charlotte

 

Who protects those over 30?

Who protects those over 30?

I am a 33 year old woman with a degree in Journalism. Since I was little I have been taught the value that academic training has in the labor market, that’s why after college the university was the obligatory stop. With my degree under my arm, I worked for several years in communication and media departments. In those times, I used to travel, even on faraway destinations, rent a whole house on Koh Samui, having the best, relaxing vacations! However, I was the first to go to the street when economic data began to get worse.

 
Following the pattern that had been given to me in my earliest childhood I continued to train to get a job . However, I discovered that the education that was given to me clashes frontally with what today is valued in this society.
 
The law does not consider me old enough or too young to receive any kind of help . I lack disabilities and, because of common sense, I do not have children that I can not support. To increase the ranks of the INEM has made me live with my dear parents , since I have never reached the salary for a flat of my own . And at this point of the road, exhausting the last months of unemployment , and without my phone ringing despite the thousands of actions that I carry out to get a job, I am unprotected .
 
I feel like a second-class citizen, or even a third-rate citizen betking app, knowing that I do not meet any of the requirements to be a beneficiary of one of the economic aid that our government grants. Even worse, it makes me feel that the workers of public administrations insinuate me, every time I ask for information, that having parents I do not have the right because they are supposed to take care of me.
 
Where is it written, in the Constitution or any other legal norm, that the State can give me aside ? What’s more, how can a 33-year-old woman who has quoted, worked and wants to do it again feel like asking her retired parents for money?
 
I understand that there are complicated situations, that we must protect children and the elderly. However, those of us who have been born and raised in this country, those of us who have not fallen into debt beyond our means, who have formed us, who have had the common sense not to be single mothers, those who have fought for a decent job, that we make a daily effort , all those people like me do not have the right to subsidies , nor to emergency aid, nor to employment plans. Then to us, who protects us?
 

Diputación de Valladolid presents its "more social" budget with an increase of 7.16% of funds in social policies

Presentation of the Budgets of the Diputación for 2018 EUROPA PRESS

 
Presentation of the Budgets of the Diputaci&oacute;n for 2018 <span class="author">EUROPA PRESS</span>

The Diputación de Valladolid presented its “more social” budget project on Monday with an increase of 7.16 percent of the funds allocated to social policies, which represents 46.81 percent of the total, that is, 49, 9 of the 106.7 million that make up the provincial accounts, which grow by 1.03 percent.

This has been stressed by the president of the provincial institution, Jesus Julio Carnero, who has indicated the forecast to reduce the debt to place it at December 31, 2018 at 19.95 million euros, with a debt ratio of 21.17 per percent, compared to 26.14 last year, the lowest of the last 30 years, despite the fact that a credit operation worth 5.8 million is contemplated to finance investments.

In terms of employment, 8.3 million will be allocated. Among the new features are the implementation of the Youth Employment Plan 2017-2018, an initiative to be allocated, together and with European funding, a total of 1.8 million euros.

 

Along with this, stand out the direct support measures, among which are

Along with this, stand out the direct support measures, among which are

the aid to young entrepreneurs in the financing of the RETA fees for 6 months, once the bonus period granted by the Government of Spain (50,000 euros) has been exhausted; the implementation of the Reinvéntate Program, to support those young people who have seen a project truncated and to encourage them to start again, by rewarding them with the RETA fees for 6 months (20,000 euros), or supporting young people in the assumption of business on the move through the Transfer Program in collaboration with the CVE (60,000 euros).

There will also be support for technological initiatives to support other entrepreneurs (60,000 euros) and direct aids to the hiring of young people under 30 years of age included in the youth guarantee, with a supplementary aid of 500 euros in aid for employment, for each young person hired. full time and a minimum period of twelve months, supplementary help also received by new young entrepreneurs (20,000 euros).

Also in this area, the Young Province of Valladolid Project will be developed, financed with European funds (314,510 euros) that seeks to reinforce the employability and professional competence of young people not employed and not integrated into the education and training systems, as well as the launching of three new Mixed Training and Employment Programs (227,270 euros) to train 32 unemployed people in the fields of social care, forest resources and green areas.

All this while maintaining the lines of collaboration in the Rural Women’s Employment Plan, as well as the lines of support for

people with different abilities (50,000 euros) and the long-term unemployed over 50 years (40,000 euros).

Likewise, the commitment for the implementation of the Minimum Rural Trade (30,000 euros) is maintained, with the aim of enabling the opening of at least three new establishments that improve the service to the residents of our towns and collaborate in the dissemination of Foodstuffs. Valladolid.

TOURISM AND AGRO-FOOD PROMOTION

The Provincial Council will allocate 5.4 million euros for the Provincial Tourism Strategy and the development of the Tourism Marketing Plan. Among the new features is the commitment to promotion, improvement of equipment and support for entities that collaborate in the development of the different Ways to Santiago in the province of Valladolid (56,000 euros), the collaboration with the Toro Wine Route Association to advance its certification (10,000 euros) which adds to the 60,000 euros we allocate to the Rueda and Cigales Wine Routes (30,000 euros each), and the strengthening of the commitment to sports tourism, collaborating mexican insurance companies in the Conference of Sports Tourism of the UNWTO to be held in Valladolid in February 2018 or implementing the project ‘En bici por los olivos’ , a circuit of cycle routes through the different olive groves of the province in which sports tourism promotion, cc cleaning and agri-food promotion come together.

Precisely in this area, the brand ‘Alimentos de Valladolid. At everyone’s pleasure ‘has a significant budget increase to reach 235,000 euros in order to launch new promotion actions at sectorial fairs and gastronomic events, actions to position the brand at national level and training activities and advice for the companies adhered to the brand.

It will also create a new line of aid to promote the creation of communities of users of groundwater (30,000 euros), the increase in aid for soil analysis (30,000 euros) or support for the protection of leek cultivation in the province (4,500 euros).

To fight against situations of social exclusion, 958,789 euros will be allocated, with an increase of 6.69 percent compared to this year. As a novelty, a new line of aid for the adoption of energy efficiency measures in vulnerable households (200,000 euros) is launched, while others are maintained such as social emergency aid (210,000 euros), child feeding (35,000 euros) ), for the purchase of didactic material (22,500 euros), for university students (55,000 euros) and support for pregnant women (30,000 euros) and single-parent families (20,000 euros).

The agreement with the Food Bank (70,000 euros) is also increased and the agreements with Cáritas (60,000 euros) and the Red Cross (60,000 euros) are maintained. In addition, the budget for the Integrated Services Network for Persons with Disabilities is improved, reaching 1,611,616 euros (+ 0.51%). The construction of the new protected dwelling in Nava del Rey (160,000 euros) stands out with the, as well as continuing with the renewal of the transport fleet that serves the Network (42.5000 euros)

In the accounts of 2018, the Provincial Council reinforces the service of home help, which reaches the figure of 6,550,000 euros, with a growth of 28.43 percent. Likewise, the cost of the Telecare service is adjusted (140,000 euros) and the technical aids for the functional adaptation of the home (150,000 euros) are maintained. Along with this, a physiotherapy service will be launched in collaboration with Aspaym, for the prevention of dependence (20,000 euros).

PERSONAL PROMOTION

The policies of support for the emancipation of young people will be endowed with 230,000 euros, while in culture it will affect training in new technologies with the launch of a mobile classroom (30,000 euros).

In sports the contributions to the School Games (321.500 euros) and Active Summer (35.000 euros) are maintained and the amount allocated to the Provincial Championships (107.980) is slightly increased. On the other hand, the Development Cooperation Program will have 506,454 euros.

For the support to town councils 35,444,576 million euros will be allocated, representing an increase of 1.33 percent, with an increase in the Municipal Employment Plan, which reaches 1,669,174 euros.

These grants are complemented by the Municipal Credit Fund (1.28 million euros) and the advances of REVAL (27.24 million euros). Also, 10,166,000 euros will be allocated to the call for Provincial Plans, which will be they reconfigure on a biennial basis.

Finally, Carnero explained that the accounts contemplate a game of 200,000 euros for the Meseta Sport project, whose bulk is expected to be financed from the remainder of the 2017 Budget, on which the County Council expects to reach a 90 percent execution at the end of the exercise.